Plastic surgery is a specialized field of medicine that aims to repair or improve various physical deformities affecting different parts of the body such as the skin, musculoskeletal system, cranial and craniofacial structures, hand, limbs, breast, trunk, and external genitalia. Aesthetic Plastic Surgery, on the other hand, is focused on procedures that are aimed at improving the appearance of the face and body. Some examples of these procedures include abdominoplasty surgery, breast augmentation and reduction, blepharoplasty, nose reshaping, facelift, and liposuction.
Reconstructive surgery is a medical specialty that aims to correct physical defects or abnormalities caused by various factors such as congenital anomalies, injuries, illnesses, or aging. The primary purpose of reconstructive plastic surgery is to restore the functionality of the affected body part, while at the same time, improving its appearance. In contrast, reconstructive plastic surgery aims to achieve a more natural look by addressing the physical effects of aging or correcting defects caused by other factors. The number of reconstructive surgeries performed each year worldwide is estimated to be approximately one million.
Aesthetic surgery is a specialized field of medicine that offers a range of minimally invasive and non-invasive treatments to help patients improve their physical appearance and enhance their self-confidence. These procedures are elective and are typically performed on healthy adult patients who are looking to enhance their physical features.
The field of Aesthetic Medicine is rapidly evolving, with new procedures and techniques being developed regularly. Patients today are not only concerned about their physical health but also their appearance and quality of life. They want to look their best and feel confident in their own skin, even as they age.
Breast surgery refers to surgical procedures performed on the breasts of both males and females. These procedures can be classified into several types, including those performed for medical purposes such as treating breast cancer or non-cancerous breast lumps, and those performed for cosmetic purposes. Medically necessary breast surgery may also include breast reduction surgery, which can help relieve back pain. Cosmetic reasons for breast surgery include the desire for a different breast size, improved aesthetic appeal, or a different breast structure.
Cosmetic surgery is a medical specialty that involves surgical and medical procedures designed to enhance a person's appearance. The treatment options can target any area of the face, chest, and body. Cosmetic procedures are elective in nature, as the treated body parts function properly but may lack aesthetic appeal. Cosmetic plastic surgery is performed to modify one's appearance, which may involve changing the body's shape, reducing bald spots, or minimizing wrinkles.
Dermatology is a branch of medicine that focuses on the study, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of diseases that affect the skin, scalp, nails, and other related surfaces. Dermatologists are medical specialists who are trained in this field and are highly skilled in diagnosing and treating various skin conditions. They have extensive knowledge and experience in providing the best possible care for the largest organ of the human body, the skin.
Facial surgery is a specialized area of surgery that involves altering the structures of the face and neck, including the nose, ears, jawline, bone structure, and neckline. This type of surgery falls under the category of otolaryngology. People may choose to undergo facial surgery to repair the face after an injury or disease, or to improve a feature that they have had since birth.
Ophthalmic plastic surgery is a specialized field of ophthalmology that focuses on treating tumors, abnormalities, and aesthetic issues in the structures surrounding the eye. This type of surgery involves performing aesthetic surgeries on the ocular and facial tissues. Given the potential impact on one's vision, ophthalmic plastic surgeons are the most qualified professionals to perform these delicate procedures and provide any necessary care for the eye.
Orthoplastic surgery is a specialized medical practice that combines the expertise and techniques of orthopedics and plastic surgery to treat complex patients. This can be done by a single surgeon or a team of specialists working together. The modern approach to Orthoplastic surgery integrates the strengths of both specialties to address clinical issues and provide better patient care. This type of surgery is particularly useful in cases of malignancy and limb injuries, as it allows for limb salvage and reconstruction.
Oral and maxillofacial surgery is a medical and dental specialty that deals with the diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of chronic, traumatic, and congenital conditions affecting the hard and soft tissues of the oral and maxillofacial region. This specialty focuses on both cosmetic and functional aspects of the face, mouth, and jaws.
Liposuction is a cosmetic surgical procedure that involves the removal of excess fat to improve the body's appearance and achieve more symmetrical body contours. It is also known as body contouring. Liposuction can be used to reshape various parts of the body such as the jawline, neck, cheeks, arms, breasts, abdomen, hips, thighs, knees, ankles, and feet.
Hair transplantation is a surgical procedure that involves extracting small punch grafts from the hair-bearing scalp or a larger portion of the hair-bearing scalp from a donor area and dividing it into tiny segments to use as transplants. These grafts are then implanted into a bald or thinning area of the scalp. The grafts created in this way vary in shape and size. Scalp reduction, on the other hand, is an effective treatment for bald patches on the front and back of the head. These regions are usually bordered by skin and hair. Physicians may combine scalp reduction and hair transplants to achieve complete coverage.
Pediatric plastic surgery is a subspecialty of surgery that focuses on the reconstruction and aesthetic improvement of a child's appearance. Its main aim is to improve the quality of life of children who have malfunctions, whether congenital or acquired as a result of disease or a tragic experience. The surgery is performed to restore the function and appearance of the affected areas, and to help children feel better about themselves.
Aesthetic dentistry, also known as cosmetic dentistry, is a branch of dental practice that is focused on improving the appearance of one's teeth, gums, and bite. The goal of aesthetic dentistry is to enhance the overall aesthetics and functionality of the teeth and mouth. Teeth whitening, tooth bonding, and inlays are some of the most common procedures performed in cosmetic dentistry.
Bariatric surgery is a medical procedure that can help you lose excess weight and reduce the risk of weight-related health issues. Various medications, devices, and surgeries are available to aid in weight loss. Health problems related to obesity include type 2 diabetes, arthritis, cardiovascular disease, and obstructive sleep apnea.
Reconstructive surgery focuses on restoring the functionality of a hand, making it useful again. Hand surgery is a crucial aspect of reconstructive procedures and is among the top five operations conducted for reconstructive purposes. If you have any hand-related problems, surgery might be a viable option. This specialized surgery can address various conditions that affect your finger strength, mobility, and functionality, resulting in discomfort. Hand trauma can include numerous issues such as nerve damage, lacerations, complications, and fractures.
Surgical procedures that involve incisions through the skin are known as invasive surgeries. These methods usually result in visible scarring. Invasive surgeries generally produce long-lasting and significant improvements in one's appearance. In contrast, non-invasive procedures have become more popular in recent years for several reasons. These procedures do not involve incisions or leave visible scars, and they typically require less downtime than invasive surgeries.
Facial Feminization Surgery (FFS) is a set of surgical procedures designed to modify facial features to achieve a more feminine appearance. It is commonly sought by transgender women or individuals desiring a more feminine facial appearance. FFS aims to address various facial aspects, including the forehead, brow, nose, cheeks, jawline, chin, and Adam's apple.
It's important to note that the specific procedures and approaches in FFS may vary based on individual needs, goals, and the recommendations of the surgeon. Each case is unique, and a comprehensive evaluation and personalized treatment plan are essential to achieve desired results.
The field of cosmetic and aesthetic nursing has been growing steadily, as more people seek cosmetic surgeries and treatments. These specialized nurses play an important role in helping patients achieve their desired appearance while providing compassionate care throughout the entire surgical process. Working closely with plastic surgeons and other healthcare professionals, cosmetic and aesthetic nurses help patients achieve their goals and improve their physical appearance.
The field of cosmetic gynecology is rapidly growing, with experts in gynecology, urogynecology, urology, and plastic surgery working together to provide procedures for women. This subspecialty includes both cosmetic surgeries to improve the appearance of the vaginal area and functional surgeries to restore sexual function after pregnancy or aging.
Advances in technology have revolutionized the field of plastic surgery, enabling surgeons to achieve desired body shapes and appearances through precise incisions that follow natural skin folds and the use of appropriate suture materials. Modern instruments and techniques enable surgeons to perform delicate procedures with greater accuracy, making technology a vital factor in the success of plastic surgery.
Plastic surgery, like all medical procedures, carries risks that can be more pronounced in some individuals than others. Smokers, the elderly, and those who are significantly overweight are particularly susceptible to complications. In addition, plastic surgery can result in both physical and mental side effects. Hematoma, bruising, blood loss, nerve damage, infection, deep vein thrombosis, and seroma are some of the common physical side effects. However, the overall risk of complications from plastic surgery is low, with less than 1% of outpatient procedures experiencing issues, according to a 2018 analysis of over 25,000 cases.
Reconstructive surgery aims to improve blood circulation and restore the function of body parts. Microvascular surgery, also known as microsurgery, is a surgical procedure used to connect or restore damaged nerves and serum vessels after reconstruction surgery. It is commonly used to reconnect damaged fingers, hands, limbs, and other body parts to restore their normal function.
Craniofacial Surgery is a specialized field of surgery that focuses on correcting deformities of the skull and associated structures, including the head and face. This area of surgery encompasses a wide range of procedures aimed at modifying the bones of the skull, improving facial symmetry, and addressing jawline issues.
When a person has a serious wound, such as a burn that causes limited movement, loss of sensation, or unsightly appearance, plastic surgery may be an option. However, the mental and physical well-being of the patient is crucial to their recovery, and can be challenging to manage.
Gender reassignment surgery is a medical procedure that helps individuals with gender identity disorder transition to their preferred gender. It involves various techniques that aid people in the transition to their self-identified gender. Gender-affirming surgery options may include facial, upper, or lower surgeries.